It is important to note that there are in fact countless gods, most of which, obviously, whose names are long forgotten. The gods have been worshiped since the Bronze Age, and most of what our ancient ancestors knew they didn’t write down. The gods are a complex and supreme people, and are therefore not limited to one attribute. They are multifaceted; no god is bound to one attribute or characteristic. In addition, they each have countless names and titles. Morrigan for example, is the primary goddess of autumn and a goddess of death, and is her Celtic or Gaelic name; her Nordic name being lost to us. Odin and Frigga’s family tree are the most well known and well remembered gods. As mentioned throughout this site, names and labels are not as important as respect of nature (Yggdrasil), the gods, and what the gods represent and hold domain over. The gods represent, and likewise are represented by many things in nature and reality. Like any people, they are of course highly complex.
It is also important to note that these animals are their spirit or totem animals, and not necessarily constant companions. And most of the Aesir also have war horses. The gods and animals may just be used to represent or symbolize each other; and like multiple attributes, the gods are not always restricted to one spirit or companion animal (as Odin is the god of war and wisdom, among other things, and has five animals commonly associated with him, as you’ll see below). Most of the gods and goddesses are highly skilled in magics like shapeshifting, and therefore are not restricted to any one form. In addition to taking the form of their totem animals, or any other living or nonliving thing, they are also not limited to any specific gender. Indeed gender likely means very little to many of them. Odin and Loki are well known to take on many forms of any gender. The goddesses of the sun and the moon are also known around the world sometimes as male or female gods, and it may be that they regularly take on a gender neither male nor female. Binaries are common among humanity, but the gods and goddesses are far above us and limiting binaries. The Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans saw the primary sun deity as male and the moon deity as female, while many other Pagans saw the opposite. I personally refer to them both as goddesses.
It is also important to note that the giants are a race very similar to the gods, but usually more elemental in form (ice and fire giants are more physically similar to their elements). Many gods and goddesses have giants in their family tree, and I will be naming the giants elsewhere.
I will list the gods and goddesses by their common names and mention alternate names that I myself often use. I will be listing many more names and titles of each god and goddess on their individual pages, once I get them written and up online.
Odin, the primary god of wisdom, strategy, war, fatherhood, and kingship. “The All-Father”. Also known as Wotan. Married to Frigga. Spirit or totem animals are Geri and Freki, his two gray wolves; Munin and Hugin, his two ravens, and Sleipnir, his eight-legged gray horse.
Frigga, the primary goddess of wisdom, strategy, war, motherhood, and queens. “The All-Mother”. Married to Odin. Spirit animal is a great-horned owl.
Baldur, a god of war, nobility, beauty, schooling, and later, tragedy. Also known as Palter. “The Shining One”. Heir to, and son of Odin and Frigga, and married to Nan. Spirit animal is a golden eagle.
Nan, a goddess of joy and later, sorrow. Married to Baldur. Spirit animal is a mourning dove.
Forseti, a god of justice and law. Son of Baldur and Nan. Spirit animal is a gray wolf.
Hod, a god of nobility, schooling, war, and obstacles. “The Blind God”. Second son of Odin and Frigga. Spirit animal is an hoary bat.
Moona, the primary goddess of the night, the moon, stealth, and war. Also commonly known as Mani (in male form), Luna, and Selene. Daughter of Odin and Frigga, and second cousin to Sunna (possibly Odin’s cousin and Sunna’s sister). Spirit animals are a pack of seven eastern timber wolves.
Hermod, a god of messaging and communication, bravery and courage. Third son of Odin and Frigga. Spirit animal is a gyrfalcon.
Bragi, a god of writing, poetry, music, and performance. Fourth son of Odin and Frigga, and married to Idun. Spirit animals are nine song birds: a black-capped chickadee, a boreal chickadee, a purple finch, a snow bunting, a pine grosbeak, three different northern wood warblers, and a hermit thrush. Sometimes Bragi is seen with nine of the same, or only one of these birds.
Idun, a goddess of protection, guardianship, and watchwomen. Married to Bragi. Spirit animal is a barred owl.
Asha, a goddess of visual art, pottery, creative design, and celebration. Daughter of Bragi and Idun. Spirit animals are a painted turtle and a wood turtle.
Thor, a god of storms, strength, and war. “The Thunder God”. Also known as Donar and Perun. Oldest son of Odin and Fjorgyn. Married to Sif. Spirit animals are two Dall’s sheep.
Sif, a goddess of beauty and strength. Married to Thor. Spirit animals are two tundra swans.
Ull, a god of competition and sport. Son Sif and stepson of Thor. Father unknown. Spirit animal is a polar bear.
Thea, a goddess of beauty, strength, and storms. Also commonly known as Thrud. Daughter of Thor and Sif. Spirit animal is a black bear.
Magnur and Modin, gods of brotherhood, survival, and strength. Sometimes called Magni and Modi. Twin sons and youngest children of Thor and Sif. Spirit animals are a pine marten, each.
Vali, a god of vengeance, war, and later regret. Son of Odin and Rind, a giantess. Spirit animal is a northern shrike.
Vidar, a god of vengeance, war, and anger. Son of Odin and Grid, a giantess. Spirit animal is a wolverine.
Lothur, a god of loyalty, pacts, oaths, inspiration and spirit. Also commonly known as Vili (which may have been more of a title than a name). Odin’s younger brother. Spirit animal is a caribou.
Heimdall, a god of protection, guardianship, and watchmen. Son of Lothur and nine goddesses of the oceans. Spirit animals are a (German) Shepherd and his horse, Gulltoppr.
Hoenir, a god of honour, respect, holiness, and all things sacred. Also commonly known as Ve (which may have been more of a title than a name). Odin’s younger brother. Spirit animal is a walrus.
Loki, the primary god of trickery, deceit, and chaos. “The Trickster”. Stepbrother of Odin. Married to Sigyn. Spirit animal is a fire wyrm or serpent.
Sigyn, a goddess of loyalty and compassion. Married to Loki. Spirit animal is a red fox.
Hel, the primary goddess of the dead, lost and damned spirits, and demons. Daughter of Loki. Spirit animal is Garm, her black hound.
Sunna, the primary goddess of the day, the sun, clarity, and war. Also known as Sol (in either male or female form). Cousin of Odin and his brood. Spirit animals are two white horses.
Tyr, a god of law, battle, and war. Also known as Tiw. Married to Sunna. Spirit animal is a northern goshawk.
Two daughters of Tyr and Sunna, names lost, goddesses of sky. Spirit animals are sparrows or finches, perhaps a common redpoll and an hoary redpoll.
Eir, a goddess of mercy, health, and healing. A friend to Frigga and Odin. Spirit animal is a gray jay.
Saga, a goddess of information keeping, history, and stories. Older sister of Wayland. A friend to Frigga and Odin. Spirit animal is an eastern chipmunk.
Wayland, a god of labour, woodworking, and metalworking. Also known as Wyman. Younger brother of Saga. A friend of Frigga and Odin. Spirit animal is a beaver.
Mim, a god of friendship, council, and communication. A friend to Odin and Frigga. Spirit animal is a northern mockingbird.
Vulla, a goddess of secrets, council, and beauty. A friend to Odin and Frigga. Spirit animal is a raccoon.
Sjofn, a goddess of love, communication, and law. Sometimes called Lofn or Gefjon (or they may be three separate goddesses). A friend to Frigga and Odin. Spirit animals are two wood ducks.
Val, a goddess of travel, council, clarity, and deduction. Sometimes called Vor or Var (or they may be three separate goddesses). Married to Freyr. A friend to Frigga and Odin. Spirit animal is a moose.
Hlin, a goddess of war, guardianship, and law. Sometimes called Syn or Snotra (or they may be three separate goddesses). A friend of Frigga and Odin. Spirit animal is a red-tailed hawk.
Aegir, a god of salt and the oceans. Married to Ran. His spirit animal is a kraken.
Ran, a primary goddess of nature and fresh water (specifically lakes, rivers, and springs). “Mother Nature”. Married to Aegir. Sister of Fjorgyn and Hertha. Spirit animals are a common loon, a great blue heron, and an arctic grayling.
Nine unknown-named daughters of Aegir and Ran, and the mothers of Heimdall. Goddesses of oceans, seas, and waves. Some of their names may be known in the languages of the First Nations of North America. Common spirit animals are a leatherback sea turtle, a beluga whale, a narwhal, an Atlantic puffin, a harp seal, a harbour seal, a pink salmon, A whale shark, and an Atlantic white-sided dolphin.
Fjorgyn, a primary goddess of nature, stone, and soil. Also commonly known as Jord. “Mother Nature”. Sister of Ran and Hertha, and mother of Thor. Spirit animals are a snapping turtle, a Canadian toad, and a rock vole.
Hertha, a primary goddess of nature and vegetation (including plants, moss, lichen, and fungi). Also known as Nerthus. “Mother Nature”. Ex-wife of Njord, mother of Freya and Freyr, and sister of Ran and Fjorgyn. Spirit animals are a red fox, a white-tailed deer, and a wood frog.
Ostara, the primary goddess of the spring season, birth, and spring weather. Also commonly known as Eostre. Spirit animals are two snowshoe hares.
Morrigan, the primary goddess of the autumn season, death, and autumn weather. (Nordic name unknown). Spirit animals are a murder of crows.
Skadi, the primary goddess of winter, hunting, and winter weather. Ex-wife of Njord. Spirit animal is an arctic fox.
Njord, the primary god of the summer season, travel, and summer weather. Ex-husband of Hertha and Skadi, and father of Freya and Freyr. Spirit animals are a flock of Iceland gulls.
Freya, a goddess of love, fertility, fauna, battle, and hunting. Also known as Damara. Daughter of Njord and Hertha. Married to Od, and twin sister of Freyr. Spirit animals are two Canada lynxes.
Od, a god of love, desire, and wishes. Married to Freya. Spirit animal is a blue jay.
Hnoss and Semi, goddesses of sisterhood, love, treasure, and value. Twin daughters of Freya and Od. Spirit animals are a northern river otter, each.
Freyr, a god of love, fertility, flora, farming, and hunting. Also known as Yngvi and Cernunnos. “The Horned God”. Son of Njord and Hertha. Married to Val, and twin brother of Freya. His spirit animal is Gullinbursti, a feral pig or boar.
Rickon, a god of travel, trade, fertility and farming. Sometimes called Ricki or Rocki. Son of Freyr and Val. Spirit animal is an orca.
I love this article, but you included “The Morrigan”, a Celtic triple Goddess, not a member of the Vanir. Also, look more into the story of Manni and Sunna. “Sol” and “Luna” are Latin names. And Manni is a man.
Hello and thanks. I’ve updated the page since then to clarify some things. The Nordic, Celtic, and Slavic gods are pretty much all the same, they just have different names because of the different languages of Europe. I mention this throughout my site, that there are countless gods, but most of their names and what we know about them is lost to us now. Morrigan’s Nordic (and maybe even Slavic names) are unknown. She was a goddess of fall/autumn and I felt I should include her since we know (and I list) the other 3 gods of the seasons. I mention that we know the Nordic and Celtic names for the primary god of fertility, for example, Freyr and Cernunnos, “The Horned God”. A lot of people say these are all different gods, but the further back you go in history, the more the lines between European cultures blur, and the more similar the languages and religions become. I’m convinced they’re the same gods. For another example, Thor is known as Perun in the Slavic languages, and is not a different god. On the other hand, as I’ve said, there are countless gods, so maybe they are different. But I’m certain that most people worshiped the primary gods of autumn, fertility, and storms and not similar minor gods. As for Manni and Sunna, I also explain in my posts that gender isn’t always specific, and that strict binaries are beneath the gods. They may be male or female.